The Role of Health Behavior in Preventing Dental Caries - Exam 59
Dental caries is a highly prevalent, yet preventable disease that is commonly overlooked in the adult population. It is strongly related to health-related behaviors and knowledge, and therefore, is potentially receptive to a behavioral health intervention.

 1) The development of dental caries is most commonly due to:
  1. Acid produced by bacteria in the mouth that feed off of carbohydrate-rich foods
  2. Chronically low pH in the mouth
  3. Lack of calcium and phosphate in the regular diet
  4. A and B
  5. A and C
  6. A, B and C
 2) Which of the following is NOT true?:
  1. Dental caries is a transmissible disease
  2. Other common chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease are significantly associated with dental disease
  3. According to the social determinants of health, an individual's behavior contributes to 20% of one's overall health
  4. Dental caries may affect adults just as often as it affects children in the U.S.
 3) Which statement(s) about the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change is(are) true? Statement 1: It is constructed on the assumption of five phases that both children and adults undergo when experiencing behavior change Statement 2: This model accounts for individuals who may not be ready to change Statement 3: One of the important advantages of this model over other behavior health models is that it employs practical strategies.:
  1. 1
  2. 1,2
  3. 2,3
  4. 1,2,3
 4) For low-resource populations comprised of working adults living in urban areas, the current study suggests that the most common barrier to proper oral hygiene is:
  1. The pain, time, and technique associated with flossing
  2. The technique associated with brushing
  3. Trying to quit smoking
  4. Access to products
 5) The current study suggests that when providing dental care for low-resource populations in urban settings:
  1. More efforts should be tailored towards educating the disease process when they are in clinic
  2. Demonstrating and regularly encouraging proper flossing technique may provide the most benefit for this population
  3. Most individuals believe that "germs" are the primary cause of dental caries and thus, should be encouraged to use mouthwash regularly
  4. Flossing daily is a more common oral hygiene habit than brushing daily